نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

استادیار دانشکده معارف اسلامی و اقتصاد دانشگاه امام صادق (ع)

چکیده

مطالعات بسیاری به تحلیل ارتباط بین روش‌های مختلف تأمین مالی و حاکمیت شرکتی پرداخته‌اند. برخی از آنها نشان می‌دهند شرکت‌هایی که حاکمیت شرکتی بهتری دارند در تأمین مالی مبتنی بر سرمایه موفق‌ترند. در مقابل، برخی بر این باورند که بین حاکمیت شرکتی مطلوب‌تر و تأمین مالی مبتنی بر بدهی رابطه مثبتی وجود دارد. در این مقاله تلاش شده است تا با ایجاد تمایز میان دیدگاه تأمین مالی‌کنندگان و دیدگاه شرکت‌های متقاضی وجوه، ارتباط بین حاکمیت شرکتی و تأمین مالی مبتنی بر انتشار صکوک بررسی شود.
نتایج نشان می‌دهد برخلاف تأمین مالی متعارف، در مورد انتشار صکوک در هر دو دیدگاه باید بین انتشار صکوک و کیفیت حاکمیت شرکتی رابطه مثبتی وجود داشته باشد. برای ارزیابی این نگاه تئوریک، در قالب یک مطالعه موردی مشخصه‌های حاکمیت شرکتی شرکت‌های منتشرکننده صکوک در ایران طی سال‌های 1390 تا 1395 بررسی شده است که نتایج نشان می‌دهد متغیرهای حاکمیت شرکتی اثر مثبت و معناداری بر انتشار صکوک در میان شرکت‌های مورد مطالعه داشته‌اند.

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